It’s estimated that 23% of adults have arthritis. For almost half of them, their symptoms are severe enough to interfere with daily life and stop them from enjoying their favorite activities. When you have a chronic disease like osteoarthritis, you deserve exceptional treatment from an expert like Deep Dalal, MD, FACR, RhMSUS, at BW Arthritis & Rheumatology, PA. Dr. Dalal has years of experience helping patients with osteoarthritis maintain healthy joints. To schedule an appointment, call the office in Glen Burnie, Maryland, or use the online booking feature.
Osteoarthritis is known as a wear-and-tear disease that develops over the years as cartilage degenerates and wears away. While that’s one of the primary changes that cause osteoarthritis, this disease is more than a cartilage problem — it affects the entire joint.
Cartilage covers the ends of each bone in a joint, cushioning the bones and allowing smooth movement. As cartilage breaks down, the bone underneath is exposed. As bones rub against one another, they begin to lose minerals and develop lesions.
The tendons and ligaments in the affected joint also suffer more stress, so they start to weaken and deteriorate. Ultimately, inflammation and bone spurs develop, and they contribute to joint pain and stiffness.
About 12% of all cases of osteoarthritis develop following a joint injury. This condition is called post-traumatic arthritis. While some cases of post-traumatic arthritis heal, you’ll still have a higher risk of developing chronic degenerative osteoarthritis in the future.
Osteoarthritis most often occurs in your knees and hips, but it can affect any joint. The symptoms you’ll experience include:
In the early stages, the pain goes away when you rest. As the disease progresses and more joint damage occurs, your pain becomes constant and may severely limit your activities.
Depending on the severity of your osteoarthritis, Dr. Dalal may recommend one of the below treatments:
If you’re overweight, it’s important to lose weight, especially if you have knee osteoarthritis. Every pound of excess body weight places 4 pounds of extra pressure on your knees.
Performing customized exercises that don’t stress your joint can improve your movement and maintain your muscle strength.
Dr. Dalal may prescribe an oral or topical medication to reduce inflammation and relieve your pain. He may also recommend intra-articular joint injections.
Steroids may be injected into the joint to significantly reduce inflammation. An injection of hyaluronic acid helps to lubricate the joint and improve movement.
When Dr. Dalal injects your joint, he uses musculoskeletal ultrasound to visualize the joint and see the needle as it’s guided into the best location inside the joint.
If you develop joint pain and stiffness, call BW Arthritis & Rheumatology, PA, or schedule an appointment online.